The Nation Kitchen: Tangy Nation-Type Ribs

This recipe was submitted by BL of Kelsey who says, “I got this recipe from my mother-in-law who she makes for us every time she visits. Everyone thinks they are delicious – and easy! “

Spicy, country-style ribs

ingredients

Makes 8 servings
4 pounds of boneless country style pork ribs
1 medium onion, chopped
2 tablespoons of vegetable oil
1 cup of chili sauce
1/2 cup of water
1/4 cup lemon juice
2 tablespoons of brown sugar
2 tablespoons of white vinegar
2 tablespoons of ketchup
1 tablespoon Worcestershire sauce
Pinch of salt and pepper

Directions

1. Place the ribs on a wire rack in a shallow frying pan. Cover and bake at 325 degrees for 30 minutes.
2. Meanwhile, fry the onion in oil in a pan until it is soft. Add the chili sauce and the rest of the ingredients list.
3. reduce heat; Simmer without a lid for 5 minutes until they have thickened slightly.
4. Drain the ribs; Brush with a little sauce. Bake without a lid for 1 to 1-1 / 12 hours, brushing with sauce occasionally. Serve with rice.

Questions to the cook

Garden Valley’s LL asks:

Q: I like to make Beef Stroganoff, but I’m never sure which meat to use. Last time I tried the beef top that the butcher cut into cubes for me. My sauce is always fine, but I think the meat should be more tender. I let it simmer for about 35 minutes. Is this the right time?

A: Beef Top Round Steak is generally a tougher cut and lacks flavor. If you plan to use the top round, cook it over very low heat for 1 to 1-2 hours for tenderness.

Typically, Beef Stroganoff is made with more tender pieces of beef, which cuts the cooking time to 30-40 minutes. You might want to try beef tenderloin or sirloin steak, which is cut into narrow 2-inch strips. Leftover cooked beef can also be used. Add the cooked meat with the beef broth or other liquid and simmer for no more than 30 minutes.

A helpful hint

Crescent Roll Dough is a simple crust for any pot cake. Roll out the dough so that it fits on top of the cake. Place on top of the filling, cut off the edges and make slits before baking.

An Historic Type of European Cash: Bronze Rings, Ribs and Blades

The modern world thrives on a constant flow of money that has its roots in simpler protocurrencies developed at the regional level by ancient peoples.

Two archaeologists believe they have identified a very early example of commodity money in Europe that was used in the Bronze Age about 3,500 years ago, with designations in the form of bronze rings, ribs and ax blades. At that time, people often buried collections of these ubiquitous objects, leaving an abundance of scattered “hoards” across the European continent.

in the a study published Wednesday In PLOS ONE, Maikel Kuijpers, Assistant Professor of European Prehistory at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands, and Catalin N. Popa, a postdoctoral fellow there, compared the weights of more than 5,000 rings, ribs and blades from the Bronze Age to over 100 hoards, the five or more Items contained.

The results showed that 70 percent of the rings were so tight in mass – about 7 ounces on average – that if they had been weighted by hand, they would have been indistinguishable. While the ribs and ax blades are not quite as uniform, the study concludes that the artifacts are similar enough to collectively demonstrate “the earliest evolution of commodity money in prehistoric Central Europe”.

“It’s a very clear standardization,” said Dr. Kuijpers.

While other researchers questioned some of their conclusions, they agreed that the study expanded our knowledge of the economic activities of ancient peoples.

As bronze smiths spread across Europe, these rings, ribs, and ax blades were cast for functional uses – like jewelry and tools – that might not have anything to do with money. Some of the items in the data set likely retained strictly functional or decorative roles as their weights were well above the calculated average.

The comparable weight of a large part of the artifacts leaves “no doubt that at least the rings and ribs meet the definition of commodity money,” the authors wrote. The bronze items reflect forms of currency based on tools known as paraphernalia that were discovered elsewhere, such as: Knife and spade money found in China and Aztec chopping and ax money found in Mesoamerica.

“We have examples in other regions of the world where you seem to be developing in a similar way,” where “a practical tool is being converted into this parcel money and then into this commodity money,” said Dr. Kuijpers.

A key innovation in bronze is the ability to create duplicates by pouring the metal into molds. The study speculates that over time these nearly identical copies led to an abstract concept of weight that laid the mental foundations for the invention of weighing tools and technologies that emerged centuries later in Europe during the Bronze and Iron Ages.

Nicola Ialongo, a prehistoric archaeologist at the Georg August University of Göttingen in Germany, said the study “made an important contribution to understanding how early funds work,” but that there was a less complicated explanation for how these standardized objects came about.

“As the authors acknowledge, the regularity of their samples could be explained simply by imagining that the objects in their records were cast with a limited number of shapes, or that the shapes themselves were of a standardized shape,” said Dr. Ialongo.

In addition, ancient peoples might have counted this currency the way we count coins today instead of focusing on weight.

“Put simply, you don’t need a weight system to be able to use metals – or any other commodity – as money,” he said, adding that many other less durable things may have been used as money before these bronze items.

The authors counter that “weight is important” because “there is evidence that certain types of objects have intentionally attempted to reach a certain weight interval”.

Barry Molloy, Associate Professor of Archeology at University College Dublin, who was not involved in the study, noted that “there has long been suspicion that systems of weights and measures were used in Europe during the Bronze Age”.

“The search was for an accurate metric such as that found in Southwest Asia and the Mediterranean,” said Dr. Molloy. ‘While this paper does not show that such a coherent system existed, it does provide important insights into how ancient people in Europe themselves approached these problems pragmatically before formal weight systems were developed in the Iron Age. “

While Dr. Ialongo disagreed with some of the researchers’ methods, he also praised the study as “a remarkable attempt to break one of the oldest and most enduring taboos in prehistoric archeology that“ primitive ”societies do not have proper commercial economies. ”