Faint progress on cash, none on air pollution – Press Telegram

BY SETH BORENSTEIN

Open wallets wider to fight climate change? That looks a little more feasible. Closing more chimneys for the same purpose? Not sold yet.

World leaders in a special session of the United Nations on Monday made “weak signs of progress” on the financial end of the fight against climate change, but they did not commit to more decisive reductions in emissions of the heat-storing gases that cause global warming. After two high-level meetings in four days, frustrated leaders are still pointing to tomorrow – or next month – for key promises to fight climate change.

“If countries were private entities, all heads of state or government would be fired because we are not on the right track. Things stay the same, “said Costa Rican President Carlos Quesada after a closed session of more than two dozen world leaders at the United Nations. “It’s absurd.”

The heads of state and government said they had hope of promised “good news” that would come Tuesday from US President Joe Biden. Other leaders are hoping rich nations will finally reach a long-promised $ 100 billion per year package to help poorer countries move to cleaner energy and tackle the worst effects of climate change.

This week’s focus on climate change is at the end of another summer of catastrophes-related extreme weather conditions, including devastating forest fires in the western United States, deadly floods in the US, China and Europe, a drumbeat from deadly tropical cyclones worldwide, and unprecedented heat waves everywhere.

After what should be the big impetus of making more commitments ahead of the giant climate negotiations in six weeks to accelerate the 2015 Paris Agreement, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said a meeting of the top economies in late October “absolutely imperative “Will be to guarantee success” of the climate talks. The G-20 meeting takes place the day before the start of the UN-sponsored climate negotiations in Glasgow, Scotland.

“We need decisive action now to avert a climate catastrophe. And for that we need solidarity, ”said Guterres on Monday after the meeting of the private leaders.

At the meeting, vulnerable countries like the Marshall Islands and the Maldives, which are “staring at the bottom” of climate change, asked “to push the developed world to the top” in order to provide them with the money they need to deal with the effects of warming said British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who moderated the meeting with Guterres.

The meeting was “very open and frank – not polite,” said the Deputy Federal Environment Minister Jochen Flasbarth.

Instead of the expected 35 to 40 heads of state and government, only 21 heads of state took part. The leaders of the four largest carbon polluting countries – China, the United States, India and Russia – all sent delegates.

Guterres said he had three goals in the Glasgow negotiations: emissions reductions of around 45% from 2010-2030 levels; $ 100 billion in annual financial aid from rich to poor countries; and half of that money will help poor countries adapt to the worst effects of warming.

The rich nations made “weak signs of progress” at the end of the money, Johnson said. “Let’s see what the President of the United States has to say tomorrow.”

American officials at the meeting told other leaders that “good news is imminent” regarding the US share of the $ 100 billion a year, a senior UN official told the reporter on condition that the proceedings were kept anonymously informed at the closed meeting. According to the United Nations, the US special envoy on climate, John Kerry, represented the United States in place of Biden.

But there is “not so much progress” in getting countries to commit to greater reductions in heat-storing gas emissions, the UN official said.

The official said several countries that have not updated their emissions reduction targets said they were about to do so, which gives hope. He wouldn’t say which countries these are, but both # 1 and # 3 carbon polluters, China and India, fall into that category.

“If we don’t change course together, there is a high risk of failure” in huge climate negotiations in six weeks, Guterres said in a press conference after the meeting. The upcoming climate negotiations in Scotland this autumn are intended to be the next step after the 2015 Paris Agreement.

Guterres told CNN that Kerry’s negotiating efforts “largely failed” because China was reluctant to cooperate with the United States. Previously, in a weekend interview with The Associated Press, he described himself as “not desperate, but I am very worried”.

“We all agree that ‘something needs to be done,'” Johnson said to the leaders, according to a statement released by his office. “Still, I confess that I am becoming increasingly frustrated that ‘something’ that many of you have committed to is nowhere near enough. It is the largest economies in the world that are causing the problem, while the smallest have the worst consequences. “

Johnson said leaders should “rid the world of coal-fired power plants and internal combustion engines” and stop deforestation while rich nations meet their commitment to spend $ 100 billion a year to help poorer nations cope with climate change .

“Developing countries are bearing the brunt of catastrophic climate change,” Johnson said on Monday. “We are the guys who caused the problem. … I understand the feelings of injustice in the developing world and the passionate appeals that we have just heard from Costa Rica, the Maldives and other countries. “

If all the planned coal-fired power plants were built, Gutteres said, “the Paris targets would go up in smoke”.

As world leaders gather, activists, other leaders and business people gather in New York City for Climate Week, a huge cheerleading event that coincides with the high-level UN meeting. All week long, the rich nations, the G-20, are pushing to do more.

The President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, promoted Europe’s green recovery plans and said ahead of the crowd at the opening of Climate Week that rich countries must provide financial aid “to help developing countries avoid falling into the trap of the fossil fuel economy grope, but jump into an economy ”. based on renewable energies.

Guterres urges rich countries to meet their long-term pledges of $ 100 billion a year in climate aid to poor countries, at least half of which will help them cope with the effects of global warming. Guterres and Germany’s Flasbarth pointed to a study that shows the world is missing about $ 20 billion annually. Funds to cope with the effects of climate change decreased by 25% last year for small island nations, “the most vulnerable of the vulnerable,” he said.

The UN’s strictest goal is to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) since pre-industrial times. This corresponds to about 0.4 degrees Celsius (0.7 degrees Fahrenheit) from now on due to the warming that has already taken place.

A UN report on Friday showed that current pledges to cut carbon emissions have been moving the world towards 2.7 degrees Celsius (4.9 degrees Fahrenheit) warming since the pre-industrial era. This even overshoots the weaker Paris goal of limiting warming to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit).

“This is catastrophic,” said Guterres. “The world couldn’t live with a temperature rise of 2.7 degrees.”

___

The Associated Press Health and Science Department is supported by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content. Edith M. Lederer and Jennifer Peltz at the United Nations, Claudia Torrens in New York, Aamer Madhani in Washington and Frank Jordans in Berlin contributed to this report. Follow Seth Borenstein on Twitter at https://twitter.com/borenbears and read more about AP’s climate reporting at https://www.apnews.com/Climate

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Public well being prof on Taiwan outbreak, vaccination progress

The recent Covid-19 outbreak in Taiwan is a lesson that a containment strategy that targets zero local transmission may not be sustainable in the long term, a public health professor said Tuesday.

Before the recent explosion in cases, Taiwan had reported very few Covid infections for over a year – and most were imported. This allowed daily activities to continue largely normally and the island received international praise for its containment measures.

But it made Taiwan “completely vulnerable” to new variants of the coronavirus that are more communicable and potentially more serious, said Benjamin Cowling, professor and head of the epidemiology and biostatistics department at the University of Hong Kong’s School of Public Health.

“Probably less than 1% of their population had a natural infection, and therefore natural immunity, and … less than 1% have been vaccinated – so they are almost entirely susceptible,” Cowling told CNBC.Squawk Box Asia. “

Taiwan, with a population of around 24 million, reported more than 8,500 confirmed Covid cases and 124 deaths as of Monday. official data showed.

It is a warning to other parts of Asia that this strategy of elimination is also trying, it is not necessarily sustainable in the long run.

Benjamin Cowling

Hong Kong University School of Public Health

Cowling said Taiwan will have a hard time controlling the recent outbreak. Authorities may need tougher social distancing measures as testing capacity hasn’t been ramped up enough and the island’s vaccination progress has been slow, he added.

“It is a warning to other parts of Asia that are also trying this elimination strategy, it is not necessarily sustainable in the long term,” said the professor.

Asian economies have generally shown lower tolerance to Covid infection compared to their competitors in other regions.

Governments in Hong Kong and Singapore, for example, have quickly tightened measures to curb small upward movements in cases. Meanwhile, countries like the US and UK are still reporting thousands of cases every day, but faster vaccination has allowed countries to lift restrictions.

Like many of its regional competitors in Asia, Taiwan faced challenges in securing Covid vaccines, Cowling said. Part of Taiwan’s hurdle is politics, the professor said.

Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen said inwen a facebook post Last week the government bought vaccines made by. were developed AstraZeneca and Modern. She accused China block a deal with Germany BioNTech, which developed a vaccine together with US Pharma Pfizer.

Beijing rejects Tsai’s allegations.

China claims Taiwan as a runaway province that will one day have to be reunited with the mainland – if necessary by force. The Chinese Communist Party has never ruled Taiwan, which is a democratic, self-governing island.

“There are a lot of policies out there when it comes to getting vaccines into Taiwan,” Cowling said. “I think they will do it, but right now they won’t be able to vaccinate enough people to stop the current outbreak. They have to use social distancing and bans to deal with it.”

Prize cash: Cricket makes progress in direction of gender parity, largest hole in soccer

According to a study by BBC Sport, the vast majority of sports offer men and women equal prize money at the highest level.

Of the 48 sports studied, 37 offered prize money – only three of which did not offer parity at any of their major championships or events.

The biggest gaps in prize money for male and female athletes are in soccer, golf, and basketball.

“Women’s sport is getting stronger,” said Sports Secretary Nigel Huddleston.

“It is absolutely true that the rewards match this achievement and we have seen a significant increase in the prize money on offer over the past few years.

“We must continue to push for greater participation, employment, commercial opportunities and visibility of women’s sport in the media to keep this momentum going.”

Since the last edition of the BBC Sports Studies prize money in 2017, sports such as hockey, cliff jumping, surfing and wrestling have hit par in at least one major competition.

However, cricket has taken the greatest strides to fill the void.

The Hundred, which is scheduled to open for the 2021 season, offers equal prize money in the men’s and women’s tournaments, while the men’s and women’s Big Bash leagues hit parity in the 2017/18 season.

The Australian champion received US $ 1 million (£ 716,635) in prize money at the 2020 T20 Women’s World Cup. This is supposedly the sameexternal link on what the winners of the men’s tournament will win in 2021, but the International Cricket Council (ICC) has not yet confirmed the tournament’s prize pot.

The total prize money for the 2022 Women’s World Cup has been increased to $ 3.5 million (£ 2.5 million). In 2017, England won $ 660,000 (£ 470,500) out of a total of $ 2 million, compared to the $ 4 million (£ 3.1 million) the English men won from a total of $ 10 million in 2019 had.

“We made a very strong statement that we wanted the same prize money because it really shows how much we really value women’s cricket and the forward-looking women’s game,” said Beth Barrett-Wild, director of The Hundred BBC Sport women’s competition .

“This really tangible action will hopefully get others to come with us.

“If you want to authentically say that you value the sport in exactly the same way for men and women, you have to award the same prize money.”

What is the BBC Prize Money in the Sports Study?

This is the third time, after 2014 and 2017, that BBC Sport has carried out the global study.

The 2021 study focuses on the prize money awarded to contest winners and does not include wages, bonuses, or sponsorship.

Some sports, including rugby union and rowing, do not offer men or women prize money in major competitions.

Men and women compete side by side at horse races and equestrian events.

In darts, snooker and bowls, women can take part in men’s tournaments if they qualify. There are separate women’s snooker and bowls competitions, but the prize money is significantly lower, while the closure of the British Darts Organization (BDO) in 2020 means there will no longer be a separate women’s world darts championship.

What has changed since the 2017 study?

The men’s and women’s winning teams pocketed $ 250,000 each in the first Pro League in 2019, while a women’s Euro Hockey league was introduced for the 2019-20 season, offering the same prize money to the men’s league.

Wrestling’s Ranking Series brought in the same prize money in 2018, while the World Surf League hit parity in 2019.

The Cliff Diving World Series offers its male and female athletes prize money of 7,085 euros from 2021. British bronze medalist Jess Macaulay said this as a “relief”.

“It was a relief to hear them say we would get equal pay for our next competitions because this is our career. We all put the same amount of time and effort into trying to be the best at the field,” she told BBC Sport.

“If we want to be at the top of our game, we want to be valued as much as the men in the sport. It’s just very exciting. It felt like a big step for our sport.”

In road cycling, Britain’s most prestigious men’s and women’s races – the Tour of Britain and the Women’s Tour – have had the same prize money since 2018. The stage winners will receive 3,615 euros, while the overall winners will take home 14,460 euros).

Most road races still don’t pay the same prize money, however, an inequality that became even more apparent at Omloop Het Nieuwsblad last month. Davide Ballerini won the men’s race for 16,000 euros, while the women’s champion and gold medalist of the Olympic and world road race Anna van der Breggen won 930 euros.

This year’s Rugby League World Cup has yet to confirm its prize money, but it will be the first time that prize money will be given to the victorious women’s and wheelchair teams, and all teams will receive the same entry fees.

Where is the largest gap?

The Women’s World Cup offers the most prize money in women’s sport, but remains 9.5 times less than what was awarded at the men’s tournament

The difference in prize money in men’s and women’s football remains large.

The 2019 Women’s World Cup was the most-watched edition of the tournament in history, but despite the projected total audience audience of 1.12 billion, which makes up a third of the 2018 Men’s World Cup, the prize fund was more than nine times smaller.

The U.S. women’s national team won $ 4 million (£ 2.8 million) compared to the French men’s win of $ 38 million (£ 27.2 million) in 2018. The women’s prize pool was double that of the previous tournament in 2015, and Fifa has announced that it will double again for the 2023 edition.

Fifa told BBC Sport that it “has a long-term vision for the development of women’s football at all levels of the world and is investing to that end”.

In the Champions League, Uefa has reduced the prize money for the winners from 250,000 euros in 2019 to 150,000 euros in 2020 and 2021, while the prize fund for men remained at 19 million euros. £ 16.4m).

Uefa informed the BBC that the prize money for earlier rounds of the competition has increased so that the winner will receive more than in previous seasons.

In the FA Cup, the victorious men’s club will earn £ 1.8m in the 2021 season, while the winners will pocket £ 25,000.

“While we recognize that there are currently significant differences between the prize money for men’s and women’s competitions, it is determined by the amounts of money generated from commercial revenue, including national and international broadcast rights,” an FA spokesman told BBC Sport .

“The [men’s] FA Cup is the largest revenue producer for the FA. These revenues allow us to reinvest in football at all levels and we have made significant strides in developing the women’s game as a result. “

Disparities also persist in golf. Women golfers are among the top earners in top sport, but still earn considerably less than their male counterparts in majors.

The US Open in June has a chance for men to win $ 2.25 million (£ 1.6 million), while the grand prize for the US Women’s Open this month is $ 1 million (£ 716,605). In 2014, the difference between these two numbers was less – $ 900,000.

At the 2019 Open, Shane Lowry won £ 1.9 million while Sophia Popov, the 2020 Women’s British Open winner – the men’s event was canceled due to coronavirus – received $ 675,000 (£ 483,924).

While the numbers for the 2021 tournaments have not yet been released, a spokeswoman for R&A, which organizes The Open and Women’s British Open, said her “stated goal” was to close the prize money gap.

She said, “We have made significant strides in this regard and are working hard to increase the championship’s economic effectiveness to increase revenue and support further investment in the future.

“We are fully aware that we have a lot more to do, but we cannot do it alone. We must all do our part to increase the commercial success of women’s golf at its best, and that means that everyone from the golf association to the sponsor and the media. “

Craig Annis, USGA’s chief brand officer, said the organization is “committed to gender equality in golf.”

“The US Women’s Open leads the purse in all of women’s golf, which requires a disproportionate investment in the championship when compared to the income generated,” he said.

“We will continue to invest to ensure that the US Women’s Open remains the premier women’s golf event through wallet, broadcast, host sites and gaming experience as we near the ultimate goal of wallet parity.”

One sign that golf is slowly changing is the new ISPS Handa World Invitational Event. It is jointly approved by the European Tours for Men and Women and the LPGA and will host separate tournaments for men and women in July, with equal fields competing for the same prize money.

How does Covid-19 affect the prize money?

The coronavirus pandemic has had and will have an impact on sport at all levels. While the majority of the sports surveyed by the BBC said the prize money would not be affected, many said they did not know at the time.

The FA is currently planning “potential losses” of around £ 300 million and has reduced the competition’s prize money as a result.

The men’s FA Cup prize fund this season has decreased to that of the 2017-18 tournament, with the £ 1.8m prize awarded to winners half of that won in 2018-19 and 2019-20 Amount is.

However, the main prize for the women’s FA Cup winners remains the same.

Kelly Simmons, the FA’s director for the women’s pro game, said, “It’s well documented that the FA has seen significant cuts and layoffs. It’s a very difficult environment. It is not the time to look for new money right now search.” .

“Across the board, we want to develop and expand the FA Cup for women, just like we did with the Super League for women, by helping to develop it commercially to generate revenue and ultimately as much money as possible bring the clubs. “

“Of course we want to increase the prize fund, but those funds aren’t there, so we’re investing in clubs in other ways.”

This year’s Australian Open tennis tournament reduced the payout to the winners by 33% compared to 2020, although the total prize pot increased. This was done to increase the money won by lower ranked players who were eliminated in previous rounds and whose income was affected by the pandemic.

When did the sport start paying the same prize money?

The sport began for years, paying men and women the same prize moneyAll about the BBC iPlayer bannerAround the footer of the BBC iPlayer