Is it protected to fly now? One preflight PCR take a look at might be the reply

A study conducted earlier this year shows that there may be a way to reduce the number of Covid infections on board commercial aircraft to practically zero.

Results of the study appeared in a Peer-reviewed articles published September 1 in the medical journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings. The article – a joint effort by the Mayo Clinic, the Georgia Department of Public Health, and Delta Air Lines – showed that a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test performed within 72 hours of the flight reduced the rate of infected travelers on board to 0.05 % decreased. That’s five people for every 10,000 passengers.

At the time of the study, the infection rate in the US was 1.1% – or about 1 in 100 people.

“A damn low number”

The results analyzed data from Delta’s preflight testing program which ran from December 2020 to May 2021.

This is how Delta’s test program worked: Passengers on selected flights from New York City and Atlanta could fly to Italy without quarantine if they were tested negative for Covid-19 via a PCR test before departure and within 72 hours before the flight a rapid antigen test on landing.

Data from Delta’s preflight testing program provides new information on test feasibility, test accuracy and infection rates among passengers on commercial flights.

Mario Tama | Getty Images News | Getty Images

Of the 9,853 people who tested negative using the PCR test, four tested positive using rapid antigen tests at the airport. The diagnoses were confirmed by a rapid molecular test and these people were not allowed to fly.

Of the passengers who flew to Italy, one tested positive upon landing.

That equates to one case detection per 1,970 travelers “during a period of high prevalence of active infections in the United States,” the article said.

“That’s a hell of a low number,” said Dr. Aaron J. Tande, the lead author of the article and an infectious disease specialist at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.

The study suggests that a PCR test within three days of the flight makes subsequent tests at the airport largely superfluous, especially in combination with mask requirements on board and increasing vaccination rates for passengers.

‘Limits of the Study

The journal article mentions several “limitations” that may have affected the study’s findings, including the role of preflight testing in travel behavior. Participants suspected of having a Covid infection may have decided not to travel. Others may have been more careful wearing masks and self-isolating knowing they had to test negative to fly, Tande said.

“I can’t say that made the number of positive tests that low – or really did it make the 72-hour test that good,” he told CNBC. “But … the bottom line is that it’s a safe flight for people, and that’s what we want.”

If you were to repeat the study now … I think you would see a significant decrease in the rate of infection on board. “

DR. Aaron J. Tande

Mayo Clinic

Tande said the results are based on the Covid-19 strains that were circulating in the United States in the first half of 2021, rather than the more contagious Delta variant that is now dominating.

“I don’t think you could say you would get the exact same result by repeating the study now – with a different infection rate in the community and a different virus,” he told CNBC. “I think you would see a significant drop in the rate of infection on board.”

Safer but less workable options

The pilot took into account five testing strategies, two of which may have detected even more infected flyers.

For example, a single rapid molecular test at the airport could have found more infections because it minimizes the time between test and flight and so could capture infections that occur during that time. Adding a 72 hour PCR preflight test would likely find even more, according to the study.

Although airports weren’t designed for large-scale medical testing, many have set up makeshift facilities over the past year, like the Rome Fiumicino International Airport shown here.

Alessia Pierdomenico | Bloomberg | Getty Images

However, a preflight PCR test is the “better approach” because it is more feasible, said Tande. PCR tests are widespread, “more sensitive” – ​​which means they can better detect positive cases – and they are taking test logistics away from airports, he said. Preliminary tests also give infected travelers time to reorganize their plans rather than surprise them just before departure.

Test flights or vaccinated flights?

Preflight PCR testing can make flying safer, but most passengers now fly without one. And the airlines are silent when it comes to signing them in the future.

However, tests could become the de facto rule on international flights if the countries of arrival require them for passengers to enter. A Delta Air Lines spokesman declined to say whether it would require testing for its passengers, but said that “each country’s government is responsible for setting its own requirements”.

Tande said he would feel safer on a flight that required passengers to pass PCR tests before the flight. However, if given the choice, he said he preferred one more vaccination flight.

“I would definitely take the vaccinated flight – and (I would) mask,” he said.

Qantas CEO Alan Joyce said last week that passengers need to be vaccinated on their international flights. according to news.com.au. US officials are currently debating whether to make vaccinations mandatory at home and abroad, as of this week. reported The Washington Post.

“Unfortunately, Covid will be with us for a long time due to the discontinuation of vaccinations,” said Tande. “By continuously masking and testing before flying … we can improve safety so that we can continue to function as a normal society.”

What leisure does Gen Z favor? The reply is not good for Hollywood | Options

As a parent, when you gather your teenagers in the living room to watch “The Falcon and the Winter Soldier” on Disney +, you just know there’s a good chance they’d rather play Fortnite.

This is the result of a new study by the consulting firm Deloitte, in which the generational differences in entertainment at home were analyzed.

The study, based on an online survey of more than 2,000 consumers in February, showed that preferences between millennials and the younger generation are changing rapidly when it comes to how they want to spend their free time.

For Gen Z, defined as those born between 1997 and 2007, video – whether it be movies or TV shows – is not a priority, the study found.

26 percent of Gen Zers in the survey said playing video games was their favorite entertainment activity, compared with 14 percent for listening to music, 12 percent for browsing the web, and 11 percent for engaging in social media. Only 10% said they would rather see a movie or TV show at home.

Compared to Millennials (born 1983-1996), 18% of whom chose movies and TV shows as their preferred type of entertainment. Video games were the entertainment option of choice for 16% of millennials.

If these trends continue, it could mean that videos are becoming less important to consumers, said Jana Arbanas, vice chairman and US director of telecommunications, media and entertainment at Deloitte. Interactive online games are playing an increasingly important role in how people interact, especially for younger consumers.

“Gen Z would much rather spend time playing games, music, or social media,” she said. “That was a really stark contrast that we saw in terms of the change and long-term impact of Gen Z on this industrial sector.”

This could be an issue for Hollywood, which is already seeing stiff competition from video games (including cell phone and console games) and social media apps like TikTok and Snapchat. Teenagers and young adults are important so that studios and networks can observe them, especially as they carry their behavior into adulthood.

If executives and producers hope that teenagers and young adults will grow beyond these behaviors and become more like their parents over time, the Deloitte researchers said it isn’t likely.

“Millennials have adopted the behaviors they developed as teenagers and they continued into the early 30s. So if Gen Z is something like that, their behaviors can change slightly, but I don’t see full aging in their behaviors behaviors, ”said Kevin Westcott, US technology, media and telecommunications leader.

Deloitte’s survey also looked at issues such as churn in the growing streaming services market. As streamers like Disney +, HBO Max, and Netflix compete for viewer attention, companies also have to struggle to keep consumers who sign up.

According to the Deloitte study, subscriptions switched more than a year ago as more streaming services started and many people had financial problems due to the pandemic.

But most of the time, people don’t drop streaming services entirely. You exchange them for others. 22% of respondents said they had added subscription services since the pandemic started, while 33% said they had added and canceled video subscriptions. Only 3% said they only canceled services.

What causes consumers to delete one streaming service, perhaps for another? Deloitte’s research suggests that cost is the main factor.

Almost half (49%) of respondents said the main reason for canceling a video subscription was a price increase.

Even so, the content remains a big deal. 31% say they would be most likely to quit if the shows and movies they liked were removed.

Copyright 2021 Tribune Content Agency.

AT THE LIBRARY: Books will help reply questions on house | Leisure

Have you followed the discoveries and adventures of the Mars rover Perseverance? It is fascinating! The Perseverance Rover got its name from a seventh grader from Virginia who won the nationwide naming contest for the rover. It was launched on July 30, 2020 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida and landed on the planet Mars in Jezero Crater on February 18, 2021. The rover also provides a ground transportation source for the Mars helicopter.

The mission objectives for Persistence and the helicopter are to study the geology of the planet, collect rock and soil samples for later study, and look for signs of ancient life. It is also used as a demonstration for the development of future robotics and human technologies to further explore Mars. The Mars robot duo plans to stay on the planet Mars for about a Martian year, or about 687 Earth days.

If you are interested in the Mars missions and space, the Litchfield Library can help. The library has magazines and newspapers with information on perseverance. National Geographic magazine published an extensive article about the rover in its March issue. There are also non-fiction books that can help you explore various topics related to space as well as astronauts. There are also plenty of science fiction titles on the shelves that will fuel any space adventure. There is a choice of space to suit all ages of readers. Here are some suggested titles for kids in the Litchfield Library:

  • “Space: A Visual Encyclopedia” Edited by DK
  • “Hidden Characters: The Untold True Story of Four African American Women Who Helped Bring Our Nation Into Space” by Margot Lee Shetterly. This is the youth edition.
  • “My Journey to the Stars” by Scott Kelly
  • “Aviation and Space Science Projects” by Ben Millspaugh
  • “Super Space Encyclopedia” by Clive Gifford
  • “Binky the Space Cat” by Ashley Spiers
  • “Once upon a time there was a spacetime!” By Jeffery Brown
  • “We Dream of Space” by Erin Entrada Kelly

Have fun reading until next time!

Airways altering enterprise to reply post-pandemic demand for holidays

A picture taken on February 28, 2021 shows palm trees on the empty “Promenade des Anglais” in Nice on the French Riviera.

VALERY HACHE | AFP | Getty Images

LONDON – Airlines in Europe see sunshine and beaches as their way to make money again.

The sector has been badly hit by the coronavirus pandemic and people have been advised to stay home. Lufthansa said On Thursday, the number of passengers saw a 75% decrease between 2019 and 2020. This underscores the devastating impact many airlines have seen since then Covid beat.

However, they are currently examining ways to adjust business models as economies seek to reopen in the coming months.

“European airlines will focus on vacation travel,” Adrian Yanoshik, a stock analyst at Berenberg, told CNBC on Wednesday. “This is a tactical answer. You follow the flow of people,” he said.

Given the easing of restrictions in European economies, people are expected to try to go on vacation as soon as possible after about a year at home. In contrast, it takes longer for business trips to recover.

I think we’ll see a little less business travel and more vacation travel.

Rickard Gustafson

CEO of Scandinavian Airlines

“Will I be making the one-day trip from London to New York for a three-hour meeting? Probably not, so this will have some impact on business travel,” Keith Barr, CEO of IHG Hotels & Resorts, told CNBC’s “Squawk” Box Europe “last Month.

Rickard Gustafson, CEO of Scandinavian Airlines, also expects “some significant changes in the dynamics of the (airline) market”.

“I think we’ll see a little less business travel and more vacation travel,” he told CNBC. “We have to adapt our operations more to the seasonality than we do today,” he added.

Low cost airlines like Ryanair and easyJet I’ve always enticed customers to take breaks in sunny European locations like Greece, Spain and Italy. However, more airlines could do the same, such as Lufthansa and British Airwaystraditionally intended for those who travel for work purposes.

“Business travel will be above 2019 levels by the end of the decade,” Stephen Furlong, senior analyst at wealth management firm Davy, told CNBC on the phone, adding that “leisure (travel) could snap back very quickly.”

Another mix of cabins

Business travel has led airlines to develop business class, premium seats and loyalty cards. However, as part of a new focus on leisure, analysts expect a different aircraft layout.

“You will get a cabin reconfiguration,” said Furlong, mentioning that business class will be a much smaller part of the aircraft. “The size of the plane is (also) smaller,” he added.

When you consider how low-cost airlines have traditionally organized their aircraft, the focus is far less on premium customers. In fact, for example, Ryanair does not have a frequent flyer loyalty card.

People sit on the “Castel” beach along the “Promenade des Anglais” on the French Riviera in Nice, southern France.

VALERY HACHE | AFP | Getty Images

“This is probably a temporary phenomenon. You will focus on business (travel) again,” said Yanoshik from Berenberg.

However, as more airlines focus on vacation travel in the short to medium term, he added that ticket prices “will be weak”.

Vaccination records

European airlines hope so Vaccination records will be used this year as a means of restoring lost businesses.

The idea of ​​a vaccination pass is still debated by European politicians, but the travel industry sees it as a must that some trips can return during this summer season.

“IATA is pushing extremely hard within the industry,” Andrew Lobbenberg, equity analyst at HSBC, told CNBC.

The International Air Transport Association is currently working on a passport, a digital platform where passengers can upload their health information. She has asked the EU heads of state and government to introduce vaccination records so that customers can feel safe again.

vaccine Passports “will be part of the reopening of air traffic,” Lobbenberg said.

Does having extra money could make you happier? One examine reveals the reply

Posted: Jan 19, 2021 / 5:07 PM MST
Updated January 19, 2021 / 5:07 pm MST

EL PASO, Texas (KTSM) – The simple explanation is yes.

This is suggested by a new study conducted by researchers at Wharton People Analytics at the University of Pennsylvania.

The researchers asked more than 30,000 people to answer the question of how they are feeling right now.

They found that those with higher incomes were more likely to be happy.

Feeling in control of their lives made up most of the link between money and wellbeing.

Wharton People Analytics at the University of Pennsylvania shows that those who earn more than $ 75,000 are generally happier.

Full article here: https://penntoday.upenn.edu/news/money-matters-to-happiness-perhaps-more-than-previous-thought